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d in demographi上海后花园女神会所c turnaround. It took just 46 years－from 1949 to 1995－to lift its people’
s average life expectancy from 40 years to 70.8 years, an accomplishment all the more admirable because China is still a de
veloping economy. As such, China has set a fine example for human development.
As a leading developing country, China has notably closed the gap with developed countries in terms of people’s life
expectancy and health. In fact, by 2015, Chinese people’s average life expectancy at birth had increased to 76.34 years.
Compared with the mortality rate, however, the changes in China’s fertility rate have been astoundingly rapid. China became a low fertility country toward the end
of last century with its total fertility rate dropping below the replacement the level in 1992 from 5.81, about 2.8 times of rep
lacement level, in 1970. China has had a fertility rate of about 1.6, equivalent to developed countries’ average, for quite a while.